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How to Buy the Clarinet That's Right for You

Flute Breakdown

Flute Diagram

Parts of the Flute

Headjoint

The top part of all flutes, this is the piece that flautists blow into to create the sound. Often made of solid silver, the material used impacts the sound greatly, deciding the overall character of the tone. As well, the headjoint features the tuning cork which is used to further adjust the tone of the flute.

Body

Containing most keys, the center piece is the biggest part of every flute.

Footjoint

Also containing several keys, the footjoint is the shortest part of the flute. The standard student foot is a C foot, while you'll find a B foot on most professional models.

Flute Categories

Student

Crafted specifically with first-time players in mind, these flutes are constructed to help guide students while endorse good playing practices. Usually these flutes feature a nickel construction with silver-plated plateau keys, as well as an offset G and a C footjoint. Some teachers will even request an open-hole flute or a flute with the split E design.

Intermediate

When a flautist is ready to move up to the next level, they typically upgrade to intermediate flutes which are crafted to help advance their skills even further. Often referred to as "performance," "step-up," or "conservatory" flutes, these instruments usually have a solid silver headjoint and either a silver or silver-plated body and footjoint. Also, intermediate flutes frequently have a B footjoint by contrast, as well as open-hold keys with in-line G keys, although offset G keys are becoming more popular.

Professional

Designed and constructed with professional musicians in mind, professional flutes are high-end instruments made with fine materials and detailed craftsmanship. Generally, professional flutes are crafted with open holes and solid (sterling) silver head, body, and foot joints. Many professional flutes are handmade to very tight tolerances for maximum performance.

Artistan

Handcrafted, these flutes are unlike any other as they are left completely to the imagination of the artists that make them. Most are still silver-plated over solid silver, but you'll also find gold or rose gold-plating and they often feature additional engraving on the embouchure plate and keys.

Construction Materials

Nickel Silver

Extremely durable and used because it resists dents, this material still produces a beautiful tone, making it perfect for the flute. Usually paired with silver-plating, nickel silver is even used on some intermediate flute keys giving it a more sturdy construction without weighing it down.

Solid (Sterling) Silver

With a warm, dark, focused tone and a clean response, solid silver is heavier than nickel silver making it the preferred choice for intermediate and professional flautists. One thing to note, solid silver also requires greater handling to in order to keep it in top playing condition, so it's not suited for novice players that may not be as careful.

Plating Materials

Nickel

Mostly found on student flutes, nickel is extremely durable and is easy to look after. And because it's lighter in weight than most other materials, it produced a much brighter sound. It's also a great alternative for those allergic to silver.

Silver

Darkening the sound with its heavier weight, and adding a beautifully lustrous finish to the apperance, almost all flutes are silver-plated.

Gold

If you aren't interested in nickel, gold is a fantastic, elegant alternative. Gold also provides added traction for the bottom lip, helping newer musicians with fast passages. With a colorful and warm tone, as well as a versatile range, gold is also the preferred choice for many professional musicians.

Key Positioning Options

Plateau

Most used on student flutes, plateau-style keys are designed for those looking for less involved fingering techniques. As well, plateau flutes are usually crafted with an "offset" G key in order to create a more natural feel for beginners.

French

Also referred to as the "open-hole" model, French keys are distinctly designed with open holes in five of the center keys. This allows for a clearer, louder sound, as well as less obstructive airflow.

French keys also let musician use "half-holing", a technique which, when covering only half the key hole, allows you to bend sharp notes. This is especially important for jazz and improvisational musicians.

Offset or Inline G

Allowing the G key to be played with the third finger of the left hand, this key becomes "in line" with the other keys, producing a better overall sound. The G key can also be somewhat "offset" outward making it easier to reach for musicians with smaller hands.

Noteworthy Features

French/Pointed or "Y" Arms

If you're searching for sturdiness in your flute's arms, "Y" arms are the preferred choice. On the other hand, if you're more interested in key placement, fluidity and pad sealing, you'll appreciate the French or pointed arms.

Split E

This enhances intonation and provides response better than the high E, a note which creates problems on most flutes.

Embouchure (Lip) Plate

With a variety of shapes and sizes, every flautist prefers something different so finding one that's comfortable for you is extremely beneficial.

Riser

Alternatively known as the "chimney", this piece connects the lip plate and the head. The weight directly affects the tone, with heavier materials producing a darker sound.

Springs

Made to hold the keys in place when not in use, stainless steel is the most widely used material because of its long-lasting durability. If you're an advanced flautist though, you may prefer the more delicate feel of white gold.

Trust Woodwind & Brasswind

Remember, when selecting a flute you should always consider the musician's skill level, age and planned use. If you're a student, a great place to start is by speaking with your music or band teacher.

In the end, no matter which flute you decide on, if it's with Woodwind & Brasswind you'll have complete piece of mind. The Woodwind & Brasswind's 100% Satisfaction Guarantee means you have 45 days to be sure it's right for you. If it's not, just return it for a full refund.* And you don't need to worry about paying too much. The 45-Day Lowest Price Guarantee means that if you find the same flute advertised for less elsewhere, we'll make up the difference. When you buy your flute from Woodwind & Brasswind, you can buy with complete confidence.

* All returned woodwind and brass instruments are assessed a $10.00 sterilization fee. Instruments priced over $3,000.00 are assessed a $20.00 fee.

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