Nominal impedance 300 Ohm
Contact pressure ca. 2,5 N
Weight w/o cable ca. 260g
Jack plug 6,3/3,5 mm stereo
Transducer principle (Headphones) open, dynamic
Ear coupling circumaural
Cable length 3 m
Frequency response (headphones) 10.....39500 Hz
Sound pressure level (SPL) 103 dB (1 Vrms)
THD, total harmonic distortion 0,05 %
The wearing comfort of a set of headphones is determined not only by its weight but also by the force with which the earpieces are pressed onto the ears. This force is given in newtons (N), whereby 1 N corresponds to the compressive force which a mass of about 100 g exerts on a solid surface. The DIN Standard 45500 Part 10 limits the maximum permissible contact force to 5 N. Values of between 1.3 and 4 N are common, although lower values apply for open headphones. Higher values can be found in the case of closed headphones. Here, a higher contact pressure is required in order to achieve sufficient sealing, which is important for the reproduction of low frequencies.
Weight w/o cable
A common audio connector in consumer electronics and music industry. Available in various diameters; in the hi-fi segment, 1/8" and 1/4" are widely used. Poles range from one to four. (Examples: headphone jack or jack of an electric guitar).
Transducer principle (Headphones)
A distinction is made between headphones which are worn on the external ear (supra-aural) and those which surround the ear (circumaural). Open headphones have foam ear pads that rest on the ears or ring pads that surround the ears. Closed headphones, on the other hand, nearly always have circumaural ear pads.
The cable length is usually measured between the anti-kink sleeves of the cable (cable length without connectors).
Frequency response (headphones)
The frequency response of a pair of headphones is given within limits defined by the manufacturer.
Sound pressure level (SPL)
Due to the impractical numerical values, the sound pressure is usually given as the logarithmic value of the sound pressure level according to the equation: dB SPL = 20 x log (po / 0.00002 Pa). The abbreviation SPL (sound pressure level) is added in order to make a clear distinction from other uses of dB. The reference sound pressure, which is at the same time the threshold of hearing, is then 0 dB SPL. The threshold of pain is 140 dB SPL. A difference in the sound pressure level of 1 dB is just about perceptible, while a doubling of the sound pressure corresponds to 6 dB and a doubling of the volume corresponds to a rise of 10 dB.
THD, total harmonic distortion
Total harmonic distortion is a measure of non-linear harmonic distortion and is given in %. Non-linear harmonic distortions are signals which were not present in the original before the signal was converted by the headphones. These unwanted signals are caused by the diaphragm, whose movements do not precisely move in time with the electric signals that cause it to move. Unfortunately, this is a feature of all electroacoustic transducers. Although it cannot be completely eliminated, suitable steps can be taken to minimise it. However, the user is not interested in why this distortion takes place but in how great the level of distortion must be for it to become perceptible. According to the findings of several research projects, a total harmonic distortion of 1% in the frequency range of 100 to 2000 Hz is imperceptible. Below 100 Hz, the perceptibility threshold lies at 10%