This Week In Music

Arturo Sandoval took up the trumpet at age 13 after having already tried his hand at several other instrumentsBorn in a small town outside Havana, Cuba, Arturo Sandoval took up the trumpet at age 13 after having already tried his hand at several other instruments. Quickly recognized for his precocity, Sandoval entered the Cuban National School of Arts in 1964, and by the time he was 16, he had won a place performing classical music in the Cuban all-star national band. By later performing in the Orquesta Cubana de Musica Moderna, Sandoval was able to continue enhacing his trumpet skills after he was drafted into the Cuban military in 1971.

Once out of uniform, Sandoval co-founded the Irakere jazz ensemble with saxophonist Paquito D'Rivera and pianist Chucho Valdes. The talented group won fame rapidly, leading to a 1978 appear

ance at the Newport Jazz Festival in New York and a Columbia Records recording contract.

Sandoval formed his own band in 1981, performing a blend of Latin music and jazz all over the world while maintaining a parallel career as a classical trumpeter. In 1990 wile touring with his idol Dizzie Gillespie's United Nations Orchestra, Sandoval requested political asylum in Rome.

After settling in Miami, Florida, Sondoval became a full professor at Florida International University. Sandoval has also lectured at the Conservatoire de Paris, the Tchaikovsky Conservatory in Russia, the University of California Santa Barbara, the University of Miami, the University of Wisconsin, Purdue University, and at many other schools.

Sandoval has written and performed on multiple movie soundtracks and been nominated for more than a dozen Grammys, winning four, as well as six Billboard Awards and an Emmy. He has performed with artists like Billy Cobham, Woody Herman, Herbie Hancock, Michel Legrand, Stand Getz, Dave Grusin, and many others. In the process, he has evolved into one of the world's preeminent jazz performers on trumpet and flugelhorn as well as a formidable classical trumpeter.

In Sandoval's honor, the University of Idaho created the Arturo Sandoval Dizzy Gillespie Trumpet Scholar Award, and both Central Oklahoma University and Florida International University have created Sandoval trumpet scholarships.


An internationally acclaimed conductor, composer, and arranger, John Philip Sousa was also a world-class violinist; equestrian; inventor of the Sousaphone; and a champion trap shooter; as well as author of three novels, an autobiography, and numerous articles. It is fitting that a man so intimately associated with American music was born in Washington, D.C.

Sousa's musical ability was no accident. His father was a trombonist in the United States Marine Band. By age six, having shown musical ability, young Sousa was enrolled with a vocal master and was found to have perfect pitch. He soon was studying harmony and violin. By the time he was 11, Sousa had organized his own orchestra in which he conducted seven adults performing at dances in Washington.

At age 13, Sousa frightened his father with a threat to run away with a circus band and in response was apprenticed in the U.S. Marine Band. Sousa continued to study composition, harmony, counterpoint, and orchestration. By age 19, Sousa was performing his violin for several theater orchestras and not much later he was leading them, sometimes conducting his own incidental pieces and musical arrangements.

By age 26 in 1880, Sousa was appointed to lead the U.S. Marine Band, a position he held for 12 years, during which he earned the band a reputation as the finest military ensemble in the world. After resigning from the Marines Corps, Sousa formed his own civilian band, which he quickly raised to the standard of the finest symphony orchestras of its time. Sousa lured some of the pre-eminent instrumentalists of the day to perform with "The March King," as he was now known. Audiences thrilled to the perfection of the Sousa band's performances on every number, whether a popular song or a complex classical work.

Sousa's reputation rests in the final analysis on his superbly memorable marches. He said himself that a good march, "should make a man with a wooden leg step out." By nature humble and deeply religious, Sousa said that he composed only upon genuine inspiration, his melodies coming from a "Higher Power." From his first march, "The Gladiator," in 1886 through over 100 other marches he composed—including "Semper Fidelis," "Stars and Stripes Forever," "The Washington Post," "The Liberty Bell," and others—Sousa's tunes do seem inspired. But he also composed music of many forms—15 operettas, numerous suites, humoresques, fantasies, descriptive pieces, dances, more than 200 songs, and 70 other works for voice.

Sousa loved his work and once remarked, "When you hear of Sousa retiring, you will hear of Sousa dead." This prediction was born out on March 6, 1932 when the great musician and bandleader died in Reading, Pennsylvania just after a band rehearsal. The last piece he conducted was "The Stars and Stripes Forever."


Week of October 31, 2011
Event: Billboard Started Publishing as Billboard Advertising, November 1, 1894

Birthday: Trumpeter Clifford Brown, October30, 1930

Week of October 24, 2011
Event: James Brown records Live at the Apollo, Volume I, October 24, 1962

Birthday: Trombonist Robin Eubanks, October 25, 1955

Week of October 17, 2011
Event: Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra record "I'm Getting Sentimental Over You," October 18, 1935

Birthday: Trumpeter Roy Hargrove, October 16, 1969

Week of October 10, 2011
Event: October 11, 1939 CBS Vibraphone Performer Dave Samuels Records "Body and Soul"

Birthday: Vibraphone Performer Dave Samuels, October 9, 1948

Week of October 3, 2011
Event: CBS Radio broadcasts The New York Philharmonic Orchestra live from Carnegie Hall for the first time, October 5, 1930

Birthday: Blues Guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughn, October 3, 1954

Week of September 26, 2011
Event: Composer Leonard Bernstein's musical West Side Story opens at New York's Winter Garden Theater, September 26, 1957

Birthday: Violinist and composer Jean-Luc Ponty, September 29, 1942

Week of September 19, 2011
Event: Fiddler on the Roof Open on Broadway Starting a Run that Extends to 3,242 Performances

Birthday: Cornetist Jim Cullum, Jr, September 20, 1941

Week of September 12, 2011
Event: The Metropolitan Opera Opens its New Opera House at New York's Lincoln Center
for the Performing Arts

Birthday: Trumpeter Brian Lynch, September 12, 1956

Week of September 5, 2011
Event: Singer Songwriter, and Record Producer Otis Redding,
Records His Hit "(Sitting on) The Dock of the Bay"

Birthday: Sonny Rollins, September 7, 1930

Week of August 29, 2011
Event: George Gershwin Completes the Orchestral Score for His Opera Porgy and Bess

Birthday: Charlie Parker, August 29, 1920

Week of August 22, 2011
Event: Charles G. Conn Receives a Patent for the Metal Clarinet

Birthday: Leonard Bernstein, August 25, 1918

Week of August 15, 2011
Event: The New York Times Reports that Dolby had Developed a Noise Reduction System for Album and Tape Recording

Birthday: Marc O'Connor, August 15, 1961

Week of August 08, 2011
Event: 14-Year-Old Benny Goodman Works as a Clarinet Player on a Lake Michigan Excursion Boat

Birthday: Pat Metheny, August 12, 1954

Week of August 01, 2011
Event: The Army of France Adds Saxophonesto its Military Bands

Birthday: Tony Bennett, August 3, 1926

Week of July 18, 2011
Event: First Newport Jazz Festival

Birthday: Carl Fontana Born July 18, 1928

Week of July 11, 2011
Event: "His Masters Voice" Trademark Registered

Birthday: Bélla Fleck Born July 10, 1958

Week of July 5, 2011
Event: Benny Goodman and His Band Record "Sing, Sing, Sing"

Birthday: Pinetop Perkins Born July 7, 1913

Week of June 27, 2011
Event: Cab Calloway and His Orchestra Record "St. James Infirmary""

Birthday: Pete Fountain Born July 3, 1930

Week of June 20, 2011
Event: 19 Year-Old Arturo Toscanini Conducts the Rio de Janeiro Orchestra in a Performance of "Aida"

Birthday: Lalo Schifrin Born June 21, 1932

Week of June 13, 2011
Event: New York Jazz Museum Opens

Birthday: Marcus Miller Born June 14, 1959

Week of June 06, 2011
Event: Jelly Roll Morton Records "Jelly Roll Blues" As a Piano Solo

Birthday: Bill Watrous Born June 08, 1939

Week of May 30, 2011
Event: 1962 Bandleader Benny Goodman Leads The First American Jazz Band to Play In The Soviet Union

Birthday: Benny Goodman Born May 30, 1909

Week of May 23, 2011
Event: "In a Precursor to Outdoor Rock Festivals, Ray Charles and B.B. King Perform For 9,000 Fans in Atlanta

Birthday: Miles Davis Born May 26, 1926

Week of May 16, 2011
Event: "When The Saints Go Marching In" Recorded by Louis Armstrong and His Orchestra

Birthday: Woody Herman Born May 16, 1913

Week of May 2, 2011
Event: New York's Philharmonic Hall at Lincoln Center Announces Addition of Rock, Pop, and Jazz Concerts

Birthday: Maynard Ferguson Born May 4, 1928

Week of April 25, 2011
Event: At Decca Studios Charlie Parker Made His First Commercial Recording April 30, 1941

Birthday: Duke Ellington Born April 29, 1899

Week of April 18, 2011
Event: Pipeless Organ Patented by Laurens Hammond April 24, 1934

Birthday: Tito Puente Born April 20, 1923

Week of April 4, 2011
Event: Herp Alpert Born April 4, 1939

Birthday: Freddie Hubbard Born April 7, 1938

Week of March 28, 2011
Birthday: Michael Brecker Born March 29, 1949

Birthday: Herp Alpert Born March 31, 1935

Week of March 14, 2011
Event: Joseph Haydn's Surprise Symphony Is Performed for the First Time March 23, 1792

Birthday: Johann Sebastian Bach Born March 21, 1685

Week of March 7, 2011
Event: Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians Recorded Auld Lang Syne March 7, 1939

Birthday: Leon Bismark (Bix) Beiderbecke March 10, 1903

Week of February 28, 2011
Event: Miles Davis Records "Kind of Blue" on Columbia Records March 2, 1959
Birthday: Frédéric Chopin Marc 1, 1810

Week of February 21, 2011
Event: Duke Ellington Records "The Queen's Suite"
Birthday: Dexter Gordon February 27, 1923

Week of February 14, 2011
Event: Sonny Rollins Records his Title Track "The Bridge" February 14, 1962
Birthday: Buddy DeFranco February 17, 1923

Week of February 7, 2011
Event: Rhapsody in Blue is Performed for the First Time February 12, 1924
Birthday: Marion "Buddy" Childers February 12, 1926

Week of January 31, 2011
Event: Frank Sinatra Debuts on Radio's "Your Hit Parade" February 6, 1943
Birthday: Stanley "Stan" Getz February 2, 1927

Week of January 24, 2011
Event: Original Dixieland Jazz Band Makes the First Jazz Record January 30, 1917
Birthday: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart January 27, 1756